Did you know that in just a few days, Google is switching off the old Google Analytics (universal analytics)?
That’s right after more than 10 years of UA, and a few years of messing around with what feels like an analytics system that still doesn’t fully work for all websites. Google is pulling the plug on the old system and pushing all users of GA to the new system.
What exactly does this mean for you and your business?
Here are the key takeaway points I’ve been giving my clients as an SEO Consultant over the past 6 months.
From July 1st THIS YEAR! GA4 will be the only Google Analytics to track and process data.
The only Google Analytics (universal analytics) system will cease processing data from July 1st 2023. From Universal Analytics 360 this is July 2024.
If you haven’t already done so, login to Google Analytics and hit ‘yes’ to migrate and set up the new analytics … its not as complicated as it once was — Google has done a good job at making it fairly straightforward for most sites. If you need a hand give an SEO (like me, *waves*) a shout, or indeed a developer. Time really is of the essence here, don’t leave it until 1st July!
GA4 is a move away from device-based and browser-based tracking (cookies) and instead is about user-tracking. This means that as you (or rather your user) move between devices (desktop to smartphone for example), the analytics should know who that user is — this makes the analytics feel more seamless and will make the analytics much more valuable in the longterm. (The more data you have the better) The emphasis here is on the longterm, because there is no migration of old data in UA to GA4, so you are starting with a new dataset here.
But GA4 isn’t just about websites — oh no! Google Analytics can also now present alongside website data your app data as well as in-app data, so you can finally get you entire online selling process and conversion process tracked. And this is why it is such a nice move to track a user and not a device or browser — as long as Google knows the user (hash) Id then it can track that user clearly and knows they visited your site, went into your app and eventually converted — you can see the whole story and how and when events happened (as long as you set it up well, there are no promises that is easier than in UA though).
Finally, as I’ve suggested, GA4 comes with a learning curve. As an example — Bounce Rate is dead! (I literally am doing a small dance every time I say this). However, for some website owners, the question is why, how do I find out what my page is worth … and the answer is there are other metrics such as Engagement Rate to replace this, but also there are tons of other things you can look at in GA4 … its part of the learning curve and i suggest you take a look at the documentation its really handy rather than just winging it. Plus, having been around for a few years before they depreciated the old UA, there are tons of resources around if you need to add extra events.
The Key Differences Between The Old Analytics and New GA4
There are several internal differences in Google Analytics 4 as mentioned above, starting with what can be tracked. So Analytics isn’t just about websites now but also apps, giving you an all-round view of your platforms.
However, for this section, we will compare more like for like to enable you to jump into GA4 from Universal Analytics once you’ve got data available.
PageViews and Sessions — Become “Events”. Almost everything measured in GA4 is an event, all actions are events and you can track pretty much everything as an event and call it back later.
BounceRate is Dead … Engagement Rate is New. Bounce Rate measured how many people visit one page and then navigate away from the site in a given time — this is now gone. Engagement Rate measures sessions that last more than 10 seconds.
Conversions and Goals are also “Events”. I told you everything was an event!
E-commerce Tracking (purchases) are also “Events” … don’t make me say it again 😉
Session Calculations vary between GA4 and UA — the methodology has changed for calculation, not just because this is now user based and not device but also in other ways (this leads to a large variance sometimes in session counts for data). As an example Google Said: In GA4 a session ends after 30 minutes of inactivity (or your session timeout settings), but sessions can now carry over across midnight [which it had not previously] and are not affected by encountering new campaign parameters.
Google Tag Manager is now VITAL — As all goals and conversions are events, these must be tracked in via GTM — these can no longer be done via a funnel chain in Analytics itself as previously in UA (an advantage here is there is no longer a limit of 20 goals — it is unlimited as long as you can use GTM).
If you are stuck and haven’t moved to Google Analytics 4 yet then now is the time, you need to make the move in the next week or two to avoid being without tracking from July 1st.
If you do not have the resources in-house to make this happen for your website, get in touch with SEO Andy and we can help you. We can either guide you through it or do it for you (it depends how hands-on you are).
What if I told you that you could rank your local business for terms such as “barbershop near me” or “nail salon near me”.
The reason this is possible isn’t by some quirk, but its through simple research using SEO tools available on ahrefs.com (Ahrefs.com) and SEMRush (Semrush) which tell you how difficult a keyword may be to rank for and much search volume there is. Together these metrics indicate just how worth such a keyword such as Barbershop Near Me would be worth including in a website and social media campaign to enhance search rankings.
But such keywords as these two are not alone.
The majority of “near me” terms are low difficulty to rank for, this means very low competition levels — this is the case even though search volumes are high for these terms. This includes terms such as “dessert near me” (who doesn’t want to know where to find cake!) and “liquor stores near me”, “tacos near me”, “Italian restaurant near me”, along with “florist near me”, “hardware store near me” and multiple others — all of which have a keyword difficulty of less than 5 but a search volume greater than 100,000!
These are local terms, but there are many others, all you need to do is go to the relevant too and order by Keyword Difficulty and/or Traffic. Perhaps include a single keyword from your market or a lower level of traffic to get you started.
How to Use These Keywords to Rank
Whilst these keywords may seem generic, it is important to make them quite specific to your website or article.
For example whilst there are many other keywords available I’ve only here spoke about the subsection of “near me” which is also relevant to the previous article I have written about. This is because it enhances the chances of search terms ranking overall, but also because it means the terms work together.
If these terms were used on a site you would use them as directions “which florist is near me” on a specific florist page from a question, with instructions on how to get there from a well-known town location. Embedding such keywords not only enhances the content on the page for a user but can enhance search results as questions are becoming commonplace (examples of google people also ask below) both on desktop search and within voice search (with answers read aloud).
Google Trends is, without a doubt, one of the most valuable sources of open data on the internet.
It’s not a tool that’s exclusive to marketers. You’ll find many studies and research articles that were created thanks to this great resource. It was even used to identify an influenza outbreak two weeks before the CDC was able to. (We’ll get to this one in a short moment.)
So what is Google Trends?
Well, in this guide we’ll cover what Google Trends is (if you don’t know already) and we’ll get you familiar with the Google Search Trends interface and instantly find ways to implement it into your SEO and keyword research workflow.
So, let’s get into it!
A Brief History + Fun Facts
Google Trends initially launched in 2006. However, it still lets you to view data all the way back to 2004.
Google has built, shut down, and merged many different websites that used Google Search Trends data.
One of which was a “Trends for Websites” tool that allowed you to compare the search traffic of two different websites. It was kind of like the free Similar Web tool, however it made use of more concrete data. Like many cool Google products, it was unfortunately shut down.
Another was Google Flu Trends. It was a very insightful tool that did just what its name entailed — It let you view data on flu trends. It actually predicted the 2010 influenza outbreak (based on trends for common symptoms) 1 or 2 weeks before the CDC made an official announcement.
Here’s an interesting fun fact about Google Trends
From Bush/Kerry to Trump/Clinton, Google Trends has accurately predicted the victor every time since 2004.
Don’t believe me? Let’s take a look at the data:
George W. Bush vs. John Kerry
Barack Obama vs. John McCain
Barack Obama vs. Mitt Romney
Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton
In each of these tests, I searched for both their full names as well as last names. The results are quite clear.
Will Google Trends continue to predict the outcome of US elections accurately? Only time will tell.
How To Use Google Trends
First, there’s one important thing I should tell you before you dive in.
Google Trends does not provide search volume. That would be too useful, wouldn’t it?
Instead, they give you an arbitrary scale of 0–100. “0” represents a search terms lowest point of relevance. “100” represents its highest.
These values are entirely dynamic and change once you introduce multiple search terms. It then becomes relative to the popularity of the other search terms you provide.
By default, Google Trends makes use of data from their regular search results, but as you will learn shortly, you can also look at other sources.
Where The Data Comes From
Before we dive right in and learn how to use Google Trends, it’s important to know where the data comes from.
There are five different data sources for you to utilize.
It is worth noting that with web search you can view data from 2004 while the other sources only allow you to go back to 2008.
You can select your desired data source by clicking the following drop-down field:
Searching For Keywords
When you’re typing a search term, you’ll see different keyword types.
In the below example, there are a variety of grouped topics to choose from.
“bernie sanders (Search term)” would only include data based around that one particular keyword.
“Bernie Sanders (United States Senator)” would include not only the main keyword but others that might be related to it. Like “senator Sanders” or “was Sanders a good senator?”
Same goes for “Bernie Sanders (Election campaign)”. It would only include data for searches around his campaign.
I’d tread carefully with these grouped keywords. Why? Just take a look at some of the “related keywords” that popped up when I was browsing the “plumbing category”. You can say I don’t have too much confidence in Google accurately grouping and associating keywords.
Finding General Search Trends
A slightly “hidden” feature of Google Search Trends is the ability to view an industry’s general trends by removing all of your current search terms.
It’s just passed November in America so as you can see, as soon as I removed the search terms, the biggest trends happening were related to Thanksgiving and Black Friday.
Be a Pro, Use Search Operators
There are various search operators you could use to get more out of your data.
The first one is the plus operator. Simply connect as many terms as you like using plus signs to combine results. This is useful if you want to see the trend of multiple industries.
Another useful one is using double quotes in order to only include direct match results. As an example, check out the discrepancy between how to make bread and “how to make bread”.
If your search term is associated with another meaning, to avoid having skewed results you can use the minus operator.
As an example, let’s say I want to get a feel for the mattress industry. However, I want to exclude people that are only looking for mattress toppers. I can do so with the following.
Finding Different Spellings & Abbreviations
Now that I told you about search operators, it’s time to give you a common, practical use case.
Using the plus operator, you can account for different spellings, abbreviations, and punctuation of different terms.
Take the below image as an example.
First, I set the location to “Worldwide”. After that, I started adding different variations of two terms — SEO and PPC. The goal of this trivial example was to compare the worldwide popularity of SEO and PPC.
Embedding Trends Graph to a Website
The easiest way to embed a Google Trends graph is to click the little embed button after performing a search. It’ll give you a basic code snippet to add to your website’s HTML source.
Bare in mind that Google lets you export Google Trends search data. It’ll give you a CSV. With it, you can use any sort of charting software you like to visualize your data and display it on your website.
Finding Additional Features
Often ignored by most users, Google Trends has a sidebar where you can get access to additional features.
This tab operates much like trends on Twitter. In the default view, it will show you the top events in your home country. You could easily adjust the country and additionally show worldwide news if you like.
Year In Search
Google publishes reports every year on search trends. These are always interesting to take a look at. It’s a ton of fun to browse the previous “Year in Search” reports to see all of the oddball fads that were popular way back when.
The most useful additional tab of Google Trends definitely has to be Subscriptions. It’s quite similar to Google Alerts. You can sign up for email alerts based on a specific topic of your choice.
Finding Hot Niches & Blog Topics
So far, we’ve covered many tricks for using Google Trends search data efficiently. Now we can actually get into some practical uses.
Ok, so I lied to you. Google Trends isn’t that great of a discovery engine for new industries. In order to identify hot niches, we’re going to need the help of an additional tool.
To find industries, you need some sort of tool that allows you to seed ideas.
You could browse through trend/hobby related websites like Trend Hunter. You could go over to the forums. You could even endlessly browse Pinterest to keep finding new hobbies/industries.
But the trend seeding tool I am going to should you is redditmetrics.com. It lets you view the fastest growing communities on reddit.
Finding Seasonal Trends
Some products sell better at different times of the year. Below is an example that you likely would have guesses yourself.
“running shoes” and “winter jackets”. Running shoe popularity peaks at the same time that popularity for winter jackets die down. And vice versa.
A less obvious example is yoga. You’d imagine it would remain constant the entire year. Well, yoga appears to be one of those “new years resolution” niches. Just like gyms, everyone gets excited for the new year, starts going to classes, and then popularity dies down. Very useful information for anyone in this sector to know.
There’s a problem with search volumes in popular keyword research tools. They’re based on yearly averages!
Say a keyword gets 10 searches per month for 11 months out of the year. Then in the last month, it gets 1,000 searches.
A keyword research tool might only display an estimate of 92 searches per month. Way off!
Let’s see if we can create an estimate of how many searches a particular keyword will bring in during its hottest months.
We’ll investigate the term “Christmas stockings”. Here’s its Trends data for 2018:
The first step is to download the data. See that little download button in the above image? Click it to get a CSV.
Now you’ll have a sheet that looks like this.
It’s organized into weeks. We need it organized into months. To do that, all that’s needed is combine some data. After a bit of number wrangling you’ll have a nice sheet like this.
There we go! You’ll notice that I also have calculated percentages as well. This is key.
Now, we need to find the average monthly search volume. You can use any keyword research tool as you please. I choose Ahrefs.
Ahrefs shows that “Christmas stockings” gets searched 37,000 times a month.
Next, we multiple that number by 12 to get our yearly searches. 444,000.
All that’s left to do is find the monthly searches using our percentages and the yearly total, 444,000 number.
For example, we found December’s value by multiplying 444,000 with 0.3622 (36.22%).
And just like that, you’re now able to get an idea of the true monthly search volume during this search term’s peak.
160,814 is quite a difference from the initial 37,000, isn’t it?
Location-Based Keyword Trends
You want your marketing to be as effective as possible. Some areas of the country- or some areas of the world -are more interested in a product, service, or industry than others.
Take the Trends data for the traditional breakfast, grits. Most of the interest comes from south-eastern states.
And now how about “farm equipment”. No surprise that most of the interest comes from mid-western states as well as others where farming an important industry.
Keyword Trends For Local SEO
You can see what cities your service is most popular with a bit of location filtering.
Below, I took a look at the most popular cities around Phoenix, AZ for the term “plumbing”.
Google Trends For Olden Times
Google Trends goes back to 2004 and that’s great! However, what if we want MORE insight.
…Like insight from all the way back to the 1800s.
Well, you might think that’s impossible. No internet back then, right? That’s where books come in.
Google created a tool named Google Ngram Viewer. It’s great! Just enter one or more values and it will plot it on the chart for you.
Here’s a graph of the mentions of “brewing beer” over the last 200 or so years.
It’s also a useful way to discover literature of the past. If you’re working on a research project, it’s quite useful to see how something was viewed in the past.
Final Notes + Bonus Free Training
By now, you’ve learned all the ins and outs of Google Trends as well as some ways to accomplish your SEO goals with it. It’s an excellent tool that every marketer should have at the ready.
The last tip I wanted to mention is that Google offers some great beginner level training on Google Trends. Training will uncover some of the tips mentioned in this guide such as using search operators to find keywords with different spellings and punctuation.
In this episode of the SEO Podcast, we look at how to optimise podcasts for SEO, ensuring they rank well on Google, Bing and other search engines including on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Amazon Music, Deezer and More!
Andy Kinsey (Hosting), talks about why your podcast should have it's own website, how to optimise titles for SEO, why you should include keywords in podcast shownotes and whether transcripts are important! Plus much more in an SEO Podcast full of SEO Tips for Podcasters.
Andy also discusses what has changed since 2008 when Google first announced Audio Indexing, which never really worked – and whether Podcasts are making their way back into Google Rankings today?
Where to Submit Your Podcast (Podcast Directories) – https://www.seoandy.com/post/podcast-submission
SEO Podcast Official Website – https://www.seopodcast.net/
Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/the-seo-podcast/message
In that article, I talk about using SEMRush and Ahrefs as part of your SEO Toolbelt to discover these keywords, but you can also use them to discover keywords that will enhance your content all round and ensure your content generally ranks better from the start – and not just for non-competitive terms.
To help with this question, one which I get asked by many clients – “how do i find good keywords?”
I created a short tutorial video using SEMRush. You can follow along step by step and to do so you will need an account, but you can sign up for a free trial (don’t worry you can cancel anytime!) Use THIS LINK to get your trial today.
All these learnings are applicable to any keyword system, they all give you the same type of information from global search volume to local search volume and competitive level / difficulty. This guide will steer you through how to make the choices for your content.
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